Consejos para prevenir y detectar el cáncer de colon y recto

¿Qué es el cáncer de colon y recto?

Es un tumor maligno originado en el intestino grueso o recto. El cáncer de colon y recto tarda bastante tiempo (años) en desarrollarse. Un porcentaje elevado de los casos presenta lesiones previas, conocidas como pólipos.

¿Qué son los pólipos?

Es el crecimiento de las células de la mucosa intestinal que luego de varios años forma una protuberancia. Si no se extirpan, algunos de ellos se pueden convertir en cáncer.

¿Cómo se tratan los pólipos?

El tratamiento de los pólipos consiste en la extirpación (sacarlos). El médico puede hacerlo durante la ejecución de un examen llamado colonoscopía. El médico solicitará el estudio/biopsia de las células que lo componen.

La extirpación de pólipos reduce el cáncer de colon y recto sobre un 75%.

¿Quién puede desarrollar cáncer de colon y recto?

El cáncer de colon y recto puede afectar tanto a hombres como a mujeres. El riesgo de padecer cáncer de colon aumenta con la edad, más del 90% de los casos se desarrollan en personas mayores de 50 años.

¿Cuáles son los signos y síntomas del cáncer de colon y recto?

  • Cambios en el hábito defecatorio: sea diarrea o estitiquez.
  • Estitiquez persistente.
  • Cambios en la consistencia de las deposiciones.
  • Deposiciones muy delgadas.
  • Deposiciones con sangre fresca en más de una oportunidad.
  • Dolor abdominal constante.
  • Sensación de no lograr nunca una evacuación completa, acompañado de sensación de pujo.
  • Sensación permanente de abdomen hinchado.
  • Anemia por falta de fierro.

Factores de riesgo del cáncer de colon y recto

Si presenta alguno de estos antecedentes consulte con su médico.

  • Edad
    La mayoría se detectan en personas mayores de 50 años.
  • Tener pólipos
    La extirpación de los pólipos puede prevenir el cáncer de colon.
  • Antecedente personal de cáncer de colon y recto
    Las personas que han sufrido un cáncer de colon y recto previo, tienen un riesgo mayor de desarrollar uno nuevo.
  • Antecedentes familiares de cáncer colorrectal
    Las personas con familiares de primer grado (padre/madre, hermanos/as o hijos/as) que han sido diagnosticados de cáncer de colon y recto presentan un mayor riesgo de padecer la enfermedad.
  • Hábitos no saludables
    Comer exceso de carnes rojas y frituras.
    Ser obeso.
    Ser sedentario.
    Fumar.
    No realizar su examen preventivo anual.

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74 comentarios en “Consejos para prevenir y detectar el cáncer de colon y recto

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